Please answer all 4 questions in essay form. Essay form does not refer to a particular structure that you may have learned, but simply to a general essay style. A major purpose of the assignment is to let you exhibit your knowledge and comprehension of the assigned readings, class discussions and weekly class notes. So be sure to use examples and references from those sources. You may also draw examples and references from elsewhere, including your own thoughts and experiences.
Please keep your answers concise. As a rough guide, try to keep each answer within about 400-700 words. That is not a strict limit but you should say as much as you want to include, in as brief a space as possible.